BAHAMANI SULTANS AND ADIL SHAHI SULTANS

The Bahamani sultans dynasty was founded by Allaud-din-Hasan Gangu Bahaman shah in 1347 CE. Gulbarga in present Karnataka state was capital, later he shifted to Bidar (Karnataka). The Bahamani sultans ruled parts of Karnataka, Andra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

IMPORTANT BAHAMANI SULTANS

  • Allaud-din-Hasan Gangu Bahaman shah
  • Firoz Shah,
  • Ahmad Shah and Mohammad Shah III

Mahmud Gawan of BAHAMANI SULTANS

He was born in Gawan in Persia and came to India for trade, but he was appointed as a minister by Mahammed Shah III, he was a able chief minister and administrator.

Mahmud Gawan achievements

  • He conquered Hubli, Belagavi, goa from Vijayanagar empire
  • Conquered Rajamahendri and Kondavidu from Orissa
  • The number of provinces was increased from four to eight for the convivence of administration. They was called ‘Tarafs’
  • He built a madarasa at Bidar. And also library.
  • After his death in 1481 CE Bahamani kingdom started to decline.
  • Five shahis sultans of deccan declared independence.  They were Adil Shahis of Bijapur, Nizam Shahis of Ahmednar, Barid Shahis of Bidar, Imad Shahis of Berar and Qutub Shahis of Golkonda.
Mahmud Gawan Madrasa - Wikipedia
GAWAN’S MADARASA, BIDAR

Cultural contributions

  • Granted scholarships, there were separated schools for girls, Mahmud Gawan was a great patron of education. Sultan Firoz shah was well versed in philosophy. He was expert in natural science, geometry and the Quran.
  • Mahamud Gawan wrote poems in Persian language. Rizay-ul-insha and Manazir-Ul-insha are his works.
  • Calligraphy was used in writing the quotations of Quran, Mahmud gawan was a calligraphist.
  • A new dialet ( a particular form of a language ) called Dakhni Urdu became popular. The famous sufi saint of Gulbarga, Hazarat Khwaja Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz wrote in this new language. 

Architecture

  • Indo-Islamic style of architecture prevailed.
  • Tall minarets strong arches use domes spacious hazaras crescent moon at the top of the building 
  • Gulbarga fort Jami masjid biggest mosque in South India and Hafta Gumbaz (seven tomb) complex. 
  • Bidar the fort Rangeen Mahal, court janatha Mahal and janana Mahal. 

Adil Shahis of Bijapur

Adil Shahis declared independence from the Bahmani Sultan and started the rule from Bijapur Yousuf Adil Khan founded this dynasty in 1489 CE.

Ibrahim Adil Shah II (1580-1626) 

  • Ibrahim Adil Shah II he followed a policy of religious tolerance he himself was a musician and wrote a book called kitab-i-navaras. 
  • He also worked shifted Hindu gods like Narasimha Ganesha Saraswati etc. 
  • He was known as Jagadguru Badshah
  • The rule of Adil Shah is came to an end in 1686 C with the conquest of Bijapur by Aurangzeb. 

Cultural contribution

  • The Sufi saints brought about unity among Hindus and Muslims.
  • Scholars light Syed Ahmad Harawi, Maulan Gaithuddin.
  • Mulla Nusrati and feristha famous historians who wrote Ali namah and Tarikh-i-ferisha. 

Architecture

  • The moment built by Adil Shah is are in Indo Islamic style which is also called daccani style. 
  • Jamai masjid was built by Adil Shah huge domb  and the mammoth prayer hall. 
  • Ibrahim Roza is another famous building it is the only Roza in India. It is built by Ibrahim Adil Shah II. It is called the Taj Mahal of South India 
  • Gol Gumbaz is the wonderful monument of Bijapur built by Muhammad Adil Shah in ear 1656.
File:IBRAHIM ROZA, BIJAPUR 20.jpg - Wikipedia
IBRAHIM ROZA, BIJAPUR

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