STATES OF INDEPENDENT INDIA

How many states in India?

Hey people, if you are preparing for competitive exams, I’m sure you should know how many states are there in India, this is one of the basic topics you all need to be aware of.

India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliament system of Government. India is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world.

Coming to the question how many states in India- there are 28 states and 8 union territories in India.

Let’s see what are the 28 states of India

Sl.NOStateCapitalEstablished onKnown asOfficial Language
 1Andhra PradeshAmaravati1st October 1953Kohinoor of India, Egg Bowl of AsiaTelugu
 2Arunachal PradeshItanagar20th February 1987Orchid State of India, The Land of The Rising SunEnglish  
 3AssamDispur26th January 1950India’s gateway to Northeast IndiaAssamese  
 4BiharPatna22nd March 1912(Formation) 26th January 1950(statehood)Birth place of Buddhism and JainismHindi and Urdu  
 5ChhattisgarhRaipur1st November 2000India’s rice bowlHindi
 6GoaPanaji30th May 1987The pearl of the East-Pearl of the OrientKonkani  
 7GujaratGandhinagar1st May 1960Manchester of IndiaGujarati  
 8HaryanaChandigarh1st November 1966Milk Pail of IndiaHindi
 9Himachal PradeshShimla(summer) Dharamsla(winter)25th January 1971Fruit Bowl of India, Apple State State of all Seasons Mountain stateHindi
 10JharkhandRanchi15th November 2000The land of Forest or BushlandHindi
11 KarnatakaBengaluru (Bangalore)1st November 1956Originally known as the state of MysoreKannada
 12KeralaThiruvananthapuram1st November 1956God’s Own Country, Spice Garden Of India, Land of Trees, Land of Coconuts, The Jewel of South IndiaMalayalam
 13Madhya PradeshBhopal1st November 1956Heart of India Tiger StateHindi
 14MaharashtraMumbai1st May 1960 Marathi
 15ManipurImphal21st January 1972The Switzerland of IndiaMeitei (Manipuri)
 16MeghalayaShillong21st January 1972Scotland of the EastEnglish
 17MizoramAizawl20th February 1987 Mizo, English And Hindi
 18NagalandKohima1st December 1963 English
 19OdishaBhubaneshwar1st April 1936 Odia
 20PunjabChandigarh1st November 1966Land of Five Rivers Granary of IndiaPunjabi
 21RajasthanJaipur30th March 1949 Reorganized on  1st November 1956 Hindi
 22SikkimGangtok16th May 1975Paradise of Botanists  English, Nepali Sikkimese Lepcha
 23Tamil NaduChennai1st November 1956 Tamil
 24TelanganaHyderabad2nd June 2014 Telugu
 25TripuraAgartala21st January 1972Hill TipperahBengali English Kokborok
 26Uttar PradeshLucknow24th January 1950Most populous state in IndiaHindi
 27UttarakhandDehradun Devbhumi The Land of GodHindi
 28West BengalKolkata26th January 1950 Bengali English

This was about Indian states.

Next let’s see some interesting information of these 28 states

  • The smallest state of India is Goa, with an area of 3,702 sq km.
  • The largest State of India is Rajasthan, with an area of 342,239 sq km.
  • The first state to be formed on linguistic basis is Andhra Pradesh.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of 199,812,341.
  • Sikkim is the least populous state with a population of 610,577.
  • The state with the highest population density in West Bengal with 903 persons per sq km.
  • The state with the lowest population density is Arunachal Pradesh with 13 persons per sq km.
  • Kerala tops the list of most literate state in India with a literacy rate of 96.2%.
  • While Andhra Pradesh is at the bottom with 66.4%.
  • The state with the longest coastline is Gujarat.
  • Indian coastline touches 9 states- Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal.
  • States such as Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, and Sikkim does not have any coastal boundaries.
  • States which have neither an international boundary nor a coastline are Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Haryana.

3 Replies to “STATES OF INDEPENDENT INDIA”

  1. A motivating discussion is worth comment. I do think that
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    about these subjects. To the next! Best wishes!!

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