India, the world’s third biggest oil importing and consuming Nation achieved the target to blend 10 percent sugarcane extracted ethanol in petrol ahead of schedule Prime Minister Narendra Modi said
WHAT IS ETHANOL?
Ethanol is naturally produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes such as ethylene hydration. It has medical applications as an antiseptic and disinfectant. It is used as a chemical solvent and in the synthesis of organic compounds, and as a fuel source. Ethanol also can be dehydrated to make ethylene, an important chemical feedstock.
Ethanol is produced both as a petrochemical, through the hydration of ethylene and, via biological processes, by fermenting sugars with yeast. Which process is more economical depends on prevailing prices of petroleum and grain feed stocks. In the 1970s most industrial ethanol in the United States was made as a petrochemical, but in the 1980s the United States introduced subsidies for corn-based ethanol and today it is almost all made from that source. In India ethanol is made from sugarcane
News Prime Minister Stated 10% Ethanol blending Had saved about 50,000 crores of foreign exchange which also reduced greenhouse gas emissions and Gave farmers an alternative source of income.
Govt has been implementing ethanol mixed with petrol (EBP) programmed throughout the country except union territory of Andaman Nicobar and lakshadweep.
India 85% dependence on oil needs and 50 % gas requirements was fulfilled by importing.
In order to reduce the import, the govt was in zeal of mixing ethanol with petrol, which is made from sugarcane extract and other agricultural commodities.
India is world’s 3rd biggest oil importing and consuming country. 10% ethanol blending was planned for November 2022 but it is achieved on June 2022, next planned for 20%ethanol blend in petrol is scheduled by 2025.
India is world 5th largest producer of ethanol after US, Brazil, European Union, and China.
Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as fuel. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline.
The first production car running entirely on ethanol was the Fiat 147, introduced in 1978 in Brazil by Fiat.
The largest single use of ethanol is as an engine fuel and fuel additive. Brazil in particular relies heavily upon the use of ethanol as an engine fuel, due in part to its role as one of the globe’s leading producers of ethanol. Gasoline sold in Brazil contains at least 25% anhydrous ethanol.